Fire safety legislation in the UK is enacted differently under the three jurisdictions of England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. These differences are nothing to worry about as they are largely identical in terms of where they apply and what people have to do to comply with them.
WHERE DOES IT APPLY?
The law applies to virtually all premises and covers nearly every type of building, structure and open space. For example, it applies to: • offices and shops • premises that provide care, including care homes and hospitals • community halls, places of worship and other community premises • pubs, clubs and restaurants • schools and sports centres • tents and marquees • hotels and hostels • factories and warehouses.
WHERE DOES IT NOT APPLY?
The law does not apply to people’s private homes, including individual flats in a block or house. In England and Wales, the law applies to the common parts of flats and HMOs (staircases and corridors), but not in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Broadly, the law does not apply to the underground parts of mines or off-shore installations. It also doesn’t apply to anything that flies, floats or runs on wheels unless it is static and being used like a building, eg work in dry dock.
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?
The person responsible for fire safety is anyone* who to any significant degree has: • Control of the premises, eg the owner and the managing agent • Control over the activities on the premises (occupier) • Employs people *In many instances this will be a company or other organisation